The Australian Convict Sites are eleven convict colonies that represent the thousands of penal settlements established in Australia between 1787 to 1868. This eighty year period saw the transportation of over 166,000 men, women and children, condemned by the British justice system to Australia. Five of the sites are in Tasmania, namely Brickendon and Woolmers Estates, Darlington Probation Station, Cascades Female Factory, Coal Mines Historic Site, and the Port Arthur Historic Site which I got to visit.
Port Arthur was said to be the destination for the hardest of convicted British criminals, secondary offenders (meaning those who committed crimes after their arrival in Australia), and rebellious personalities from other convict stations. It is about 60 kilometers from Hobart. To visit it, you either have to join a tour group or rent a car, which is what I did.
Tasmanian Devil Conservation Park, which is also in the Tasman Peninsula, before driving to Port Arthur, just 10 kilometers away.