Saturday, April 23, 2005

Brunei & Malaysia: It's home for me tomorrow


I'm back in Kota Kinabalu. The trip was shorter this time. I left Brunei at 1:00 p.m. and got here in KK at about 6:15 p.m. Lesser waiting time and this time, we used the highway going to Muara.

Last night, together with other BPYs including my SG-mates Zam and Sharin, I tried Brunei's favorite dish, ambuyat, a sago-based paste that you dip in pungent sauces. It's sad Siti Raisa wasn't able to join us since she left for Mecca today. Quite a funny dish but not bad. It's like eating sticky gawgaw paste and dipping it in curry, chili or durian sauce. You twirl the paste in between bamboo sticks, dip and eat.


After dinner, we chilled out in Wandi and Yati's apartment. Then went for some roti john... beef, eggs, green onions, chili sauce and mayo cooked into a bun.

This morning, Wandi and Yati brought me to Muara for my ferry to Labuan. It took about an hour and thirty minutes. Got there in time for the 3:00 p.m. ferry to KK.

This time I'm staying at the Hotel Malar Kinabalu for my last night. I wanted a room for my own so that I could fix my stuff for the plane tomorrow. I had Indian food again for dinner, this time lamb murtabak and roti telur. In the middle of my murtabak, the cook told me the Malay name, muratbak kambing, which made me quite uncomfortable eating the rest of it. But it's sheep, not goat. The whole meal cost me only RM8 which is about P120. Expect to spend approximately RM10 for every meal if you plan to backpack here in Malaysia. That meal was quite filling.

I'm off to the hotel now to rest. I'll do some last minute shopping early tomorrow at the Sunday market which I've been waiting for all week, before I go to the airport for my 2 p.m. flight back to Clark.

See everyone soon!

Part 1: Hello from Kota Kinabalu!
Part 2: Ferry from Kota Kinabalu to Brunei
Part 3: I saw the Sultan of Brunei!
Part 4: Kampong Ayer, water villages from Brunei's past
Part 5: Still in Negara Brunei Darussalam

Friday, April 22, 2005

Brunei: Still in Negara Brunei Darussalam


It's the 5th day of my travel retreat. After all that stress in the Philippines, I just wanted to be alone to recharge. After posting yesterday, Wandi and Yati picked me up here at Yayasan where I'm typing again today. We first went to the Empire Hotel and Country Club. Talk about luxury! They said than when the hotel hosted APEC, Clinton just couldn't stop looking at ceiling even when the Sultan of Brunei was chatting with him.

We then when to Jerudong Park to take a stroll in a reminder of better times in Brunei. All of us were hit badly by the 1997 Asian financial crisis, Brunei included. Dinner was at a local joint in Jerudong. We had nasi katok... chicken, with rice and sambal wrapped in paper. The name has an interesting story behind it. People used the knock in houses to buy this cheap and light meal. Thus the word katok... hehe!

After dinner, we went for a drive around Jerudong since it was palace central since most of the royals chose to live there. All the luxury enjoyed by a single family!


In the morning, I decided to get up late since I am on rest vacation! Had brunch at another Indian restaurant and this time took the murtabak ayam (chicken) and roti kosong. Yummy! I then took a bus to Gadong, their shopping area, but found nothing of interest. So I decided to go to the Royal Regalia Museum back in BSB. As warned, the buses were very unreliable. How could a well-developed country have a bad bus system you may ask? Well, everyone has cars so no one rides the bus! It took quite a while waiting at the bus stop, no waiting shed, it was drizzling and yet the sun was out, talk about bad luck!

There are no entrance fees for museums in Brunei. And that is indeed a strong statement about it's economic standing! At the Royal Regalia Museum, you saw the crown jewels of Brunei and other paraphernalia used during royal functions, from the Sultan's down to the escorts. On display as well were the gifts to the Sultan of various heads of state and visitors. And as expected, the gift of the Philippines looked so pityful beside the regal presents of the other countries.

It reminded me so much of SSEAYP... we could do nothing but hide our faces when we gave the gifts provided to us by the National Youth Commission. Cheap and tasteless! We said to ourselves, we should have gotten the presents ourselves. It's government, what do you exepect? There were 1998 SSEAYP presents to the Sultan on display at the museum as well would you believe. And obviously, the Philippine present wasn't on display. This should be a wake-up call to the National Youth Commission staff, if you can't buy good presents, then don't! The SIP Board could do a better job!

Now I'm back in Yayasan killing time. I'm having dinner with the other Brunei PYs later. So I guess that's it again for now.

Part 1: Hello from Kota Kinabalu!
Part 2: Ferry from Kota Kinabalu to Brunei
Part 3: I saw the Sultan of Brunei!
Part 4: Kampong Ayer, water villages from Brunei's past
Part 6: It's home for me tomorrow

Thursday, April 21, 2005

Brunei: Kampong Ayer, water villages from Brunei's past

Today seemed like it would be a great day of exploring Brunei's capital. After the procession and a filling brunch, I took a river taxi (they're like sports cars on water) to Kampong Ayer, a centuries-old settlement in Brunei with houses on water.

At first, they looked like our slums in Manila. But nope, these are the old heritage houses of Brunei. They are even more well-equipped than the regular Filipino home with air-conditioning, Internet access, plumbing and electricity. You'd see a lot with their own satellite dishes!

The community has it's own elementary and high school, fire station (since fires are a problem given that most houses are made of wood and close to each other), police station, and mosque. There are a total of 4,200 structures built on top of the water, linked by 29,140 meters of foot bridges. At total of 30,000 people live in Kampong Ayer, which is 10 percent of Brunei's population!

That's it for today. I could already hear the call to prayer from the nearby mosque (which sounds very much like a male version of our own pabasa).

Part 1: Hello from Kota Kinabalu!
Part 2: Ferry from Kota Kinabalu to Brunei
Part 3: I saw the Sultan of Brunei!
Part 5: Still in Negara Brunei Darussalam
Part 6: It's home for me tomorrow

Brunei: I saw the Sultan of Brunei!

Yes people, I saw Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah of Brunei today! It's an important religous holiday in the Muslim world (the Birthday of Prophet Muhammad S.A.W. Thursday, 12 Rabiulawal 1426) and the Sultan himself and the male members of the royal family led a three-kilometer procession around Bandar Seri Begawan.

It was good morning exercise for me since the procession was moving really fast and it was quite hard to keep up. I got good pictures of the Sultan and his Rolls Royce which was parked at the back of the Padang (these green marching grounds are the Malay equivalent of our town plazas). I'll upload them as soon as I get back to Manila. Funny as it may seem, my Bruneian friends saw me on TV!

After the procession, I went back to Pusat Belia (Youth Centre) where I was staying, to rest after that long walk. The next thing I knew, it was 2 p.m. and it was time for another of those Indian dishes I missed so much, roti telur (flour pancakes with egg inside) and beef murtabak, with various curry sauce dips.

Part 1: Hello from Kota Kinabalu!
Part 2: Ferry from Kota Kinabalu to Brunei
Part 4: Kampong Ayer, water villages from Brunei's past
Part 5: Still in Negara Brunei Darussalam
Part 6: It's home for me tomorrow

Wednesday, April 20, 2005

Brunei: Ferry from Kota Kinabalu to Brunei

I arrived in Brunei today on a ferry from Labuan Island. I left Kota Kinabalu at 8 a.m. and reached in Labuan at 11 a.m. I went through Malaysian Immigration, boarded the next ferry and left Labuan at 12:30 p.m. and finally arrived in Muara at about 2:00. I took a bus from Muara to Bandar Seri Begawan (about B$2) at the ferry terminal which was about 45 minutes. Cabs are very expensive so try to avoid them if you're alone.

Hungry and thirsty after traveling for 7 hours, I ate at the first food joint which I saw and it was Pizza Hut. How ordinary you would think but their menu is totally different from ours since most of our pizzas in Manila have pork and Brunei is a conservative Muslim country (no alcohol, no discos and pubs, etc.). I took the roasted garlic chicken pizza, really good! They should bring those pizzas to Manila.

After a few minutes, my friend Rewandi (an ex-PY from SSEAYP 2002) passed by for me. And in my rush to the car, I left my camera on the table! I found out only at Wandi and Yati's apartment and Wandi assured me that it was totally safe in Brunei. Yup, I was able to get my camera back. As Wandi told me, when you leave stuff on the table, more often than not, it's still there when you come back for it. I was surprised people just left their cars running when they went down to get stuff. And these aren't just ordinary cars mind you. People in Brunei are known to sport the latest car models.

We then left to pick up his wife Yati at work (also an ex-PY 2002) and proceeded to Yayasan Complex, the most popular shopping area of Brunei. Beside it is the Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque, a royal Islamic most considered one of the most spectacular in the Asia-Pacific Region.

After chatting with Wandi and Yati, I discovered more than the well known fact that Bruneians don't pay taxes. Education is free and the government gives you an allowance to study. Health services and medication are free as well and the government would even send you abroad if you need specialized treatment (surgery, chemotherapy, etc.) and it's all paid for by the government! If you are a government employee, you can get a 0% interest housing loan (in the Philippines, you get charged a high interest rate which is where our corrupt GOCC officials get their benefits). The list just goes on and on! Sigh!

I thought everything was more expensive here in Brunei. But I found something which was much cheaper here than in the Philippines... gas! Yes people, gas here is still P15 per liter, the perks of an oil-producing state. I hope our government officials stop that self-interest thing and get Malampaya working to its capacity!

And to think all this only started to peak when Brunei became independent in the early eighties. I saw the Sultan's first palace and it was nothing but a wooden house which would have been a sorry sight if put beside our own bahay na bato. But look at the current palace, splendid, sprawling and elegant!

For dinner we had sate and wet fried noodles. I missed satay so much especially that peanut sauce which accompanies it.

Part 1: Hello from Kota Kinabalu!
Part 3: I saw the Sultan of Brunei!
Part 4: Kampong Ayer, water villages from Brunei's past
Part 5: Still in Negara Brunei Darussalam
Part 6: It's home for me tomorrow

Tuesday, April 19, 2005

Malaysia: Hello from Kota Kinabalu!

What a way to start my blog, writing about my journeys in some really exotic place!

Yup, I took advantage of those AirAsia trips and it's a real bargain. I'm here in Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia right now which is the capital of Sabah. I took a ferry to Manukan Island yesterday which is part of the Tungku Abdul Rahman Marine Park, Malaysia's premiere marine sanctuary.

It's a 15 minute speed boat ride from the ferry terminal. As soon as you left the terminal, you already saw corals below and right at the port of Manukan, you had schools of fish greeting you. At the beach, you swam with fish as well! Great beach! And a really great experience!

I went back to Trekker's Lodge (which is a bed and breakfast place) where I was staying, my way of living the backpacker culture for the next few days. For dinner, I had nasi lemak (chicken with coconut milk, pandan rice and sambal sauce) and kiwi lou (just as I did the previous night) at a seaside cafe and enjoyed a really great view of the Sabah sunset.

I'm off to Brunei today. I will take a ferry to Labuan Island, then take another ferry to Muara in Brunei.

Great to hear we have a new Pope! Viva il Papa! Anyway, have to rush! See you!

Part 2: Ferry from Kota Kinabalu to Brunei
Part 3: I saw the Sultan of Brunei!
Part 4: Kampong Ayer, water villages from Brunei's past
Part 5: Still in Negara Brunei Darussalam
Part 6: It's home for me tomorrow

Friday, April 08, 2005

Ivan Anthony S. Henares

For over a decade, Ivan Anthony Henares has championed the cause of Philippine heritage, giving it a young face, helping bring heritage conservation to the mainstream by serving as one of the advocacy’s most visible voices, pushing for the enactment of national laws and local legislation for heritage preservation, educating Filipinos on the importance of preserving our heritage, monitoring heritage conservation issues around the country and ensuring the protection of significant historical and cultural sites. He encourages heritage and cultural awareness among Philippine youth, established school and local chapters of the Heritage Conservation Society, and constantly delivers lectures all over the country on heritage conservation and tourism.

Born in 1979 in San Juan, Metro Manila, he completed his elementary and secondary education at the Ateneo de Manila University, and his Bachelor of Arts in Economics, Master of Business Administration and Diploma in Urban and Regional Planning degrees all at the University of the Philippines, Diliman.

From a very young age, he has been a staunch advocate for the preservation of Philippine heritage. He is currently President of the Heritage Conservation Society and Expert Member and Philippine Representative to the International Cultural Tourism Committee (ICTC) of the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS). Ivan is also Senior Lecturer at the Asian Institute of Tourism of the University of the Philippines, Diliman and the Faculty of Management and Development Studies at UP Open University. He was named one of the The Outstanding Young Men (TOYM) for 2012 in the field of Heritage Conservation.

As a college student, he initiated the “Preserving Heritage for Progress Program” in the City of San Fernando, Pampanga in 2001, a program that focused on the protection, conservation and promotion of the architectural heritage of the city. He painstakingly convinced local stakeholders to preserve their ancestral homes, many of which were eventually declared by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines as Heritage Houses. In 2004, the program was named Galing Pook Award Trailblazing Program and one of the Top 10 Best Practices of the League of Cities of the Philippines.

In 2001, he was named Most Outstanding Kapampangan for Youth Leadership in recognition of his leadership in raising cultural awareness in Pampanga. In 2005, he received the United Nations Association of the Philippines Outstanding Youth Leader Award. In 2006, he received The Outstanding Fernandino Award for Preservation of Heritage and Promotion of the Arts. In 2007, his blog was named Best Travel Blog at the 1st Philippine Blog Awards. In 2008, he was named a Philippines 21 Fellow by Asia Society, which selects ten promising young leaders every year to join the Asia 21 Young Leaders Summit. In 2010, Spot.PH included him in their list of “10 City Heroes You Should Know” for his heritage conservation advocacy.

He ably organized the 2012 ICOMOS International Conference on Cultural Tourism which brought together Expert Members of ICOMOS from around the world to Vigan, Ilocos Sur to share cultural tourism best practices to hundreds of local stakeholders. The feedback from foreign and local delegates was very encouraging, and had contributed to the good reputation of the Philippines as a global leader in community-based cultural tourism.

Through the years, Ivan has helped move forward this advocacy through innovative promotion via mainstream and social media. This is where Ivan has made his unique and indelible mark for his championed cause: his efforts have brought an oft-neglected cause to the consciousness of the youth by giving it a younger and more accessible face. In particular, his use of social media networks and his award-winning blog have given cultural heritage a voice that demands to be heard.

He has certainly given heritage a voice, one that was previously muted by other equally important national priorities. He has and continues to strive for what the Heritage Conservation Society envisions, a Filipino society that values and preserves its cultural heritage in order to instill pride of place and strengthen Philippine national identity. Ivan has always believed that a strong national identity and pride are often disregarded tools for nation-building.

Sunday, April 03, 2005

Heritage Conservation Society Board of Trustees 2006-2007

The Heritage Conservation Society Board of Trustees 2006-2007 (from left to right): Ivan Anthony S. Henares, Architect Augusto F. Villalon, Gemma Cruz-Araneta (President), Architect Melvin G. Patawaran, Ambassador Raul Goco, Architect Rene Luis S. Mata (Treasurer) and Atty. Magdaleno Cortez (Corporate Secretary). Not in the photo are former DepEd Undersecretary Juan Miguel Luz (Vice-President) and Urban Planner Nathaniel von Einsiedel.

Saturday, April 02, 2005

Tentative List to the Philippine Registry of Cultural Property (PRECUP)

With Republic Act No. 10066 - National Cultural Heritage Act of 2009 in place, all structures 50 years or older, structures with historical markers, and all structures designed by National Artists (regardless of age) are now presumed to be declared and cannot be demolished or altered without the permission of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA). So those contained in the list below are among those already protected by law.

Representatives of the Heritage Conservation Society (HCS), ICOMOS Philippines, NCCA, National Museum, National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP) and Department of Tourism (DOT) met in February 2011 to discuss among many others, which sites should be formally declared. We thus came up with an unofficial tentative list similar to UNESCO's tentative list. Most of the sites are actually clusters or serial listings which have specified or several representative structures under each listing.

Structures that are already declared are not in this list. This list will continue to grow as more suggestions come in. Please feel free to comment.

Note: Historic Town Center refers to the Town Plaza, Municipio and Church Complex. Historic Town means that the many of the houses are still intact. You can also suggest Historic Town Plazas when only the plaza is intact

NATIONWIDE
Provincial Capitols of the Philippines
Railroad Stations of Luzon Island
Historic Aglipayan Churches of the Philippines
Historic Mosques of the Philippines
Gabaldon Schools of the Philippines
Spanish Lighthouses of the Philippines
Watchtowers of the Philippines
Fortifications and Military Heritage of the Philippines

REGION I

Ilocos Norte
Historic Town Center of Laoag (Ilocos Norte Capitol, Museo Ilocos Norte, Laoag City Hall, Tobacco Monopoly Monument, Laoag Cathedral and Bell Tower, Laoag Central Elementary School, Laoag Town Plaza, etc.)
Historic Town Center of San Nicolas (San Nicolas Church, San Nicolas Municipal Hall, San Nicolas Town Plaza etc.)
Baroque Churches of Ilocos Norte (Badoc and Piddig)

Ilocos Sur
Historic Town Center of Candon
Baroque Churches of Ilocos Sur (Santa Lucia, San Vicente, Bantay, Sinait and Tagudin)

La Union
Baroque Churches of La Union

Pangasinan
Historic Town of Alaminos
Historic Town of Lingayen
Baroque Churches of Pangasinan

REGION II

Batanes
Baroque Churches of Batanes (Ivana, Sabtang, Itbayat, Basco, Uyugan)
Historic Villages of Sabtang Island (Savidug, Chavayan, Sumnanga, Malakdang, Nakanmuan, Sinakan)
Historic Villages of Itbayat Island
Historic Villages of Batan Island (Kayvaluganan, Itbud, Kayuganan)
Idiangs of Batanes
Historic Town Center of Basco
Representative Ivatan Houses (declared as Heritage Houses)
Historic Burial Grounds of Batanes

Cagayan
Baroque Churches of Cagayan (Tuguegarao, Alcala, Lal-lo, Pamplona)
Brick Kilns of Cagayan
Heritage Properties of the Calayan Islands

Isabela
Baroque Churches of Isabela (San Pablo, Gamu, Alicia, Cauayan, Ilagan)

Nueva Vizcaya
Bambang Church

CAR

Abra
Baroque Churches of Abra
Historic Fortifications of Bucay
Cemetery Chapel of Bangued
Gabriela Silang House

Apayao
Historic Church Ruins of Pudtol

Kalinga
Rice Terraces of Kalinga
Representative Kalinga Houses (declared as Heritage Houses)

Ifugao
Representative Ifugao Houses (declared as Heritage Houses)
Heritage Villages of Ifugao
American Colonial Buildings of Kiangan

Mountain Province
Rice Terraces of Mountain Province
Sagada Protestant Church
Representative Bontoc Houses (declared as Heritage Houses)

Benguet / Baguio
Camp John Hay
Teachers Camp
Historic Town Center of Baguio and Burnham Park
Dominican Hill
Representative Ibaloi and Kankana-ey Houses (declared as Heritage Houses)

REGION III

Bataan
Baroque Churches of Bataan (Orion, Pilar, Samal)

Bulacan
Historic Center of San Miguel
Heritage Houses of Bustos

Nueva Ecija
Central Luzon State University

Pampanga
Baroque Churches of Pampanga (Bacolor, San Luis, Candaba, Arayat, San Fernando, Santa Rita, Guagua, Angeles)
Historic Town of San Fernando
Sugar Centrals of Pampanga (PASUDECO, PASUMIL)
Heritage Houses of Santa Rita

Zambales
Baroque Churches of Zambales (Sta. Cruz, Iba, Botolan)

NCR
Historic District of Santa Ana
Historic District of San Nicolas
Historic Quarter of Escolta
Malacanang Properties and Related San Miguel Sites (Malacanang, Goldenberg, Arlegui, Teus, San Miguel Church, etc)
Historic Quarter of Hidalgo Street, Quiapo
Fire Stations of Manila
Far Eastern University
UST Gym (expansion of UST declarations)
Neoclassical Buildings of Ermita (Finance, Tourism, Old Legislative Building, City Hall of Manila, Post Office Building)
Art Deco Buildings of Manila
Rizal Memorial Coliseum
Historic District of South Harbor
Cultural Center of the Philippine Complex
Protestant Churches of Manila (Ellinwood Malate, United Methodist, Knox, Cosmopolitan, etc.)
Baroque Churches of Manila
Iglesia ni Cristo Properties and Representative Houses of Worship (Punta Chapel in Santa Ana, INC Cubao, INC Temple and Central Offices in Quezon City, etc.)
University of the Philippines, Manila including the Supreme Court and Court of Appeals
University of the Philippines, Diliman
Historic Colleges and Universities of Manila (SSC, STC, PNU, PWU, PCU, Sta. Isabel, DLSU, Adamson)
International Style Buildings of Manila
Historic Town of Malabon
Heritage Houses of New Manila
Heritage Houses of San Juan
Historic Bridges of the Pasig River
Nielson Tower
Works of Juan Nakpil
Works of Leandro Locsin
Works of Pablo Antonio
Works of Antonio Toledo
Works of Juan and Arcadio Arellano
Works of Tomas Mapua
Works of Fernando Ocampo
Works of José Marìa Zaragoza
Works of Federico Ilustre
Works of Andres Luna de San Pedro
Works of Cesar Concio
Spanish Colonial Buildings of Metro Manila
Historic Churches of Paranaque and Las Pinas (Paranaque, Las Pinas, San Dionisio, La Huerta, Redemptorist)
Historic Cemetery Complex of Manila (La Loma, Norte, Chinese)

REGION IV-A and B
Historic Town of San Juan, Batangas
Historic Town of Sariaya, Quezon
Historic Town of Mulanay, Quezon
Historic Town of Calaca, Batangas
Historic Town of Balayan, Batangas
Historic Town of Pagsanjan, Laguna
Baroque Churches of Cavite
Baroque Churches of Laguna
Baroque Churches of Batangas
Baroque Churches of Rizal
Baroque Churches of Quezon
Banton Island Properties and Related Sites
Historic Town of Romblon, Romblon
Historic Town of Boac, Marinduque
Iwahig Penal Colony

REGION V
Historic Town Center of Guinobatan, Albay
Baroque Churches of the Bicol Region

REGIONS VI, VII and VIII (VISAYAS)
Historic Business District of Calle Real, Iloilo City
San Joaquin Cemetery
Sugar Centrals of Negros
Sugar Mansions of Panay and Negros
Historic Town of Carcar
Historic Town Center of Argao
Historic Town Center of Bantayan
Historic Town Center of Cebu City
Baroque Churches of Panay Island
Baroque Churches of Negros Island
Baroque Churches of Cebu Province
Baroque Churches of Bohol Province
Baroque Churches of Leyte and Samar Islands

REGIONS IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, ARMM (MINDANAO)
Historic Town of Jimenez, Misamis Occidental
Historic Town of Balingasag, Misamis Oriental
Representative Houses of the Maranao (Lawig, Malai-a-walai, Torogan)

Philippine Registry of Cultural Property (PRECUP) - Movable & Intangible Heritage

Republic Act No. 10066 - National Cultural Heritage Act of 2009 also covers movable heritage objects. The National Museum also declares intangible heritage as National Cultural Treasures. This is the list of declared objects and properties that are either movable or intangible. We have a separate list for built heritage.

UNESCO REPRESENTATIVE LIST OF THE INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF HUMANITY
▪ The Darangen Epic of the Maranao People of Lake Lanao (2008)
▪ The Hudhud Chants of the Ifugao (2008)

NATIONAL CULTURAL TREASURES (CATEGORY I)
▪ Assassination of Governor Bustamante and His Son (1974), National Museum
▪ Balangays (1987), Museum of the Filipino People, Ambangan, Libertad, Butuan City
▪ History of Manila Mural (1996), Manila City Hall
▪ Las Piñas Bamboo Organ (2003), Las Piñas City
▪ Spoliarium (2006), National Museum
▪ Una Bulaqueña (2008), National Museum
▪ Mother's Revenge Sculpture (2008), National Museum
▪ Feeding the Chicken Painting (2008), National Museum
▪ Basi Revolt Paintings (2009), National Museum
▪ Artifact and Ecofacts from Philippine Archeological Sites (2010)
1. Manunggul Secondary Burial Jar
2. Calatagan Ritual Pot
3. Maitum Anthropomorphic Pot
4. Maitum Quadrangula Burial Jar
5. Leta-Leta Jarlet with Yawning Mouth
6. Leta-Leta Stem cup
7. Leta-Leta Footed Jarlet
8. Leta-Leta Presentation Dish
9. Earthenware Jar with cover and design
10. Yuan Dynasty Vase
11. Butuan White-Glazed Ewer with Phoenix Head
12. Pandanan 14th Century Blue-and-White Porcelain Bowl
13. Lena Shoal Blue-and-White Dish with Flying Elephant
14. Puerto Galera Blue-and-White Jar
15. Marinduque Celadon Jar
16. Butuan Crucible
17. Palawan Zoomorphic Ear Pendant
18. Palawan Nephrite Ling-ling-O Ear Pendant
19. Cabalwan Earliest Flake Tools (2)
20. Batangas Likha Figurines (4)
21. Mataas Shell Scoop
22. Duyong Shell Adze
23. Tabon Skull Cap
24. Tabon Right Mandible
25. Tabon Tibia Fragment
26. Bolinao Skull with Gold Ornaments on the Frontal Teeth
27. Gold Seal of Governor General Antonio Morga
28. Oton Gold Death Mask
29. Butuan Silver Paleograph
30. Laguna Copper Plate
31. San Diego Bronze Astrolable
32. Banton Burial Cloth
▪ Parisian Life by Juan Luna (2011), GSIS Museum, Pasay City

Intangible
▪ Ancient Syllabic Scripts (1997), Mindoro and Palawan
▪ Hudhud (2001), Kiangan, Ifugao
▪ Darangen Epic (2001), Lanao del Sur

IMPORTANT CULTURAL PROPERTIES (CATEGORY II)
▪ Balangay Replica-Diwata ng Lahi (2011), National Museum, Manila
▪ Inang Bayan (2011), Philippine Heart Center, Quezon City

Friday, April 01, 2005

Philippine Registry of Cultural Property (PRECUP) - Built Heritage

With Republic Act No. 10066 - National Cultural Heritage Act of 2009 in place, all structures 50 years or older, structures with historical markers, and all structures designed by National Artists (regardless of age) are now presumed to be declared and cannot be demolished or altered without the permission of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA). This is an attempt to compile all lists of formally declared cultural and historical structures and sites in the Philippines and make it available to the public via the Internet since the National Museum (NM) and National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP), both under the NCCA, maintain their own lists.

The list below is most definitely incomplete. If there are any additions or corrections to the list, please make a comment to this entry. If the heritage site you are adding hasn't been declared formally, please comment in the PRECUP Tentative List. There is also a separate list for movable and intangible heritage.

Also check out the comprehensive online database of Philippine architectural heritage I'm building for the HCS. This list does not include natural heritage in the UNESCO World Heritage List and National Integrated Protected Area System (NIPAS). For natural heritage, click here.


UNESCO World Heritage Sites (Cultural)
Baroque Churches of the Philippines
▪ Ilocos Norte: Church of San Agustin (Paoay)
▪ Ilocos Sur: La Asuncion de la Ñuestra Señora Church (Sta. Maria)
▪ Iloilo: Church of Santo Tomas de Villanueva (Miag-ao)
▪ Manila: San Agustin Church and Monastery (Intramuros)
Historic Town of Vigan
Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras
▪ Bangaan Rice Terraces (Banaue)
▪ Batad Rice Terraces (Banaue)
▪ Hungduan Rice Terraces
▪ Mayoyao Rice Terraces
▪ Nagacadan Rice Terraces

Heritage Zones
▪ Old Town of Dapitan (Zamboanga del Norte)

National Cultural Treasures (Category I)
Ilocos Region
▪ Burial Caves in Sitio Alabok, Cambali (Buguilin, La Union)
▪ Cape Bojeador Lighthouse (Burgos, Ilocos Norte)
▪ Saints Peter and Paul Church (Calasiao, Pangasinan)
▪ San Agustin Church (Paoay, Ilocos Norte)
▪ San Andres Apostol Church (Bacarra, Ilocos Norte)
▪ San Guillermo de Aquitania Church (Magsingal, Ilocos Sur)
▪ Mestizo Section (Vigan, Ilocos Sur)
▪ Santa Catalina De Alejandria Church (Luna, La Union)
Cagayan Valley
▪ San Carlos Borromeo Church (Mahatao, Batanes)
▪ San Matias Church (Tumauini, Isabela)
▪ San Raymundo de Peñafort Church (Rizal, Cagayan)
▪ San Vicente Ferrer Church (Dupax, Nueva Vizcaya)
Cordillera Administrative Region
▪ Ifugao Rice Terraces (Banaue, Ifugao)
▪ Mummy Caves of Alab (Bontoc, Mountain Province)
▪ Mummy Caves of Kabayan (Kabayan, Benguet)
▪ Mummy Caves of Sagada (Sagada, Mountain Province)
▪ Petroglyphs of Alab (Bontoc, Mountain Province)
▪ Stone Agricultural Calendares of Dap-ay Guiday in Besao (Bontoc, Mountain Province)
▪ Santa Catalina de Alejandria Church (Tayum, Abra)
Central Luzon
▪ San Andres Church (Masinloc, Zambales)
▪ Santa Monica Church (Minalin, Pampanga)
▪ Santiago Apostol Church (Betis, Guagua, Pampanga)
National Capital Region
▪ Bamboo Organ (Las Pinas City)
▪ Parish Church of San Agustin Church and Liturgical Objects Therein (Intramuros, Manila)
▪ Sta. Ana Site Museum (Sta. Ana, Manila)
▪ Camarin de la Virgen, Parish Church of Nuestra Sra. De los Desamparados (Sta. Ana, Manila)
▪ Manila Metropolitan Theater (Manila)
▪ Bonifacio Monument (Caloocan City)
▪ Main Building, Central Seminary, Arch of the Centuries and Open Spaces of the University of Sto. Tomas (Manila)
▪ San Sebastian Basilica (Manila)
▪ Santo Domingo Church Complex and its Liturgical Objects (Quezon City)
Southern Tagalog: Calabarzon
▪ Basilica of St. Michael (Tayabas, Quezon)
▪ Immaculate Conception Church (Balayan, Batangas)
▪ Our Lady of Assumption Church (Maragondon, Cavite)
▪ Petroglyphs of the Rock-shelter (Angono, Rizal)
▪ San Gregorio Magno Church (Majayjay, Laguna)
▪ San Ildefonso Church (Tanay, Rizal)
▪ Tayabas Historic Bridges: Alitao, Isabel II, Francisco de Asis, Gibanga, Malagonlong, Lakawan, Mate, Ese, Despedida, Tuloy (Tayabas, Quezon)
Southern Tagalog: Mimaropa
▪ Cathedral of San Jose (Romblon, Romblon)
▪ Petroglyphs in the Caves of the Tao't Bato Area (Quezon, Palawan)
▪ Tabon Cave Complex (Quezon, Palawan)
▪ Twin Forts of Romblon: Fuerza de San Andres and Fuerza de Santiago (Romblon, Romblon)
Bicol Region
▪ San Juan Bautista Church (Tabaco, Albay)
▪ Our Lady of the Gate Church (Daraga, Albay) - Eastern and Western Facades, Belfry and Baptistry
Western Visayas
▪ San Joaquin Church (San Joaquin, Iloilo)
▪ Santa Monica Church (Pan-ay, Capiz)
Central Visayas
▪ Bohol Watchtowers (Maribojoc, Dauis, Panglao, Pamilacan, Loay and Balilihan, Bohol)
▪ Immaculada Concepcion Parish Church (Baclayon, Bohol)
▪ Nuestra Señora de la Luz Parish Church Complex (Loon, Bohol)
▪ Parish Church of the Holy Trinity (Loay, Bohol)
▪ Parish Church of the Santo Niño (Cortes, Bohol)
▪ Patrocinio de Sta. Maria Church (Boljoon, Cebu)
▪ San Agustin Church (Bacong, Negros Oriental)
▪ San Isidro Labrador Church (Lazi, Siquijor)
▪ San Nicolas de Tolentino Parish Church and Ermita Ruins (Dimiao, Bohol)
▪ San Pedro Apostol Church (Loboc, Bohol)
▪ Santa Cruz Church (Maribojoc, Bohol)
▪ Shrine Parish of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Complex and its Liturgical Objects Therein (Dauis, Bohol)
Eastern Visayas
▪ Immaculate Conception Church (Guiuan, Samar)
Zamboanga Region
▪ Relief Map of Mindanao (Dapitan, Zamboanga del Norte)
▪ Fort Pilar (Zamboanga City)
Northern Mindanao
▪ Immaculate Conception Church (Jasaan, Misamis Oriental)
▪ San Juan Bautista Church (Jimenez, Misamis Occidental)
Caraga Region
▪ Balangays in the Vicinity of Butuan (Butuan City, Agusan del Norte)
Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao
▪ Karim Ul-Makhdum Mosque (Simunul, Tawi-tawi)
▪ Kawayan Torogan House (Lanao del Sur)

Important Cultural Properties (Category II)
▪ Bohol Stone Bridges (Dimiao, Bohol)
▪ Parish Church of the Holy Sacrifice (UP Diliman, Quezon City)
▪ Faro de Cabo Engano (Sta. Ana, Cagayan)
▪ Pinol Cave Formation, and the Surrounding Area (Maitum, Saranggani)
▪ Parish Church Complex of Santa Monica (Sarrat, Ilocos Norte)
▪ Parish Church of San Salvador del Mundo (Caraga, Davao Oriental)
▪ Parish Church of San Agustin and Complex, the Plaza, the Old Panglao Municipio, the Escuela de Niños y Niñas, the Archway and Mortuary Chapel of the 19th Century Cemetery (Panglao, Bohol)
▪ Old Provincial Building (Tagbilaran, Bohol)
▪ Spanish Colonial Era Municipal Building, Traida de Aguas and Bridges (Romblon, Romblon)
▪ Casa de San Fernando (San Fernando, Sibuyan Island, Romblon)
▪ Guyangan Cave System (Banton Island, Romblon)
▪ St. Augustine Parish Church (Lubao, Pampanga)
▪ Parish Church of Santa Monica (Alburquerque, Bohol)

Significant Cultural Properties (Category III)
▪ Mauban Seawall (Mauban, Quezon)
▪ Chanuangco Sunico House (Manila)
▪ St. John the Baptist Parish Church (Garcia Hernandez, Bohol)
▪ First United Building / Perez-Samanillo Building (Manila)
▪ Holy Infant Parish Church, Complex and Convent (Valencia, Bohol)

Site Museum Reservation
▪ Tabon Cave Complex

Archeological Reservations
▪ Specific Areas in Cagayan Valley and Kalinga-Apayao
▪ Barangays Ransang and Candawaga (Quezon, Palawan)
▪ The Balangay Complex in Butuan City
▪ Mehan Gardens and Arroceros Park (Manila)

National Shrines (Level I)
(Pambansang Dambana)

Ilocos Region
▪ Artemio Ricarte Shrine (Batac, Ilocos Norte)
▪ Gregorio Aglipay National Shrine (Batac, Ilocos Norte)
▪ Juan Luna Shrine (Badoc, Ilocos Norte)
▪ Tirad Pass National Shrine (Del Pilar, Ilocos Sur)
Central Luzon
▪ Mt. Samat National Shrine (Mt. Samat, Bataan)
▪ Casa Real Shrine (Malolos, Bulacan)
▪ Birth Site of Marcelo H. del Pilar (Bulacan, Bulacan)
▪ Capas Prisoners-of-War Memorial Shrine (Capas, Tarlac)
National Capital Region
▪ Andres Bonifacio National Shrine (Mehan Gardens, Manila)
▪ Andres Bonifacio Shrine (P. Burgos cor Concepcion, Manila)
▪ Fort Santiago Freedom Shrine / Dambana ng Kalayaan (Intramuros)
▪ Intramuros and its Walls (Manila)
▪ Libingan ng mga Bayani National Shrine (Taguig City)
▪ Mabini Shrine (Pandacan, Manila)
▪ Pinaglabanan Memorial Shrine (San Juan)
▪ Quezon Memorial Shrine (Quezon City)
▪ Resting Place of the Remains of Melchora "Tandang Sora" Aquino (Quezon City)
▪ Rizal Shrine (Fort Santiago, Manila)
Southern Tagalog: Calabarzon
▪ Apolinario Mabini Shrine (Tanauan, Batangas)
▪ Baldomero Aguinaldo Shrine (Kawit, Cavite)
▪ Corregidor (Corregidor Island, Cavite)
▪ Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine (Kawit, Cavite)
▪ Paciano Rizal Shrine (Los Baños, Laguna)
▪ Rizal Shrine (Calamba, Laguna)
Western Visayas
▪ Kalantiaw Shrine (Batan, Aklan)
▪ General Leandro Fullon National Shrine (Hamtic, Antique)
▪ Balantang Memorial Cemetery Shrine (Jaro, Iloilo City)
Central Visayas
▪ Liberty Shrine/Site of the Battle of Mactan (Lapu-lapu City, Mactan Island, Cebu)
Eastern Visayas
▪ Leyte Landing Site (Palo, Leyte)
▪ Limasawa Shrine (Limasawa, Southern Leyte)
Zamboanga Peninsula
▪ Rizal Shrine (Dapitan City, Zamboanga del Norte)
Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao
▪ Shiek Karimol Makhdum Shrine (Tandu Banak, Sibutu, Tawi-tawi)

National Historical Landmarks (Level I)
(Pambansang Palatandaang Makasaysayan)

Ilocos Region
▪ Bacarra Church (Bacarra, Ilocos Norte)
▪ Cape Bojeador Lighthouse National Historical Landmark (Burgos, Ilocos Norte)
▪ Old Casa Real and Provincial Capitol (Lingayen, Pangasinan)
▪ Paoay Church (Paoay, Ilocos Norte)
▪ Santa Maria Church (Sta. Maria, Ilocos Sur)
Cagayan Valley
▪ Church, Convent and Site of the Beaterio of Sabtang (Sabtang, Batanes)
▪ Church of Ivana (Ivana, Batanes)
▪ Tumauini Church (Tumauini, Isabela)
Cordillera Administrative Region
▪ Mansion House (Baguio City)
▪ Surrender Site of General Tomuyuki Yamashita (Kiangan, Ifugao)
Central Luzon
▪ Abucay Church Historical Landmark (Abucay, Bataan)
▪ Aquino Ancestral House (Concepcion, Tarlac)
▪ Barasoain Church Historical Landmark (Malolos, Bulacan)
▪ Birthplace of Gregorio del Pilar (Bulacan, Bulacan)
▪ Birthplace of Pres. Diosdado P. Macapagal (Lubao, Pampanga)
▪ Church of Baler Historical Landmark (Baler, Aurora)
▪ Lubao Church Historical Landmark (Lubao, Pampanga)
▪ Malolos Heritage Town (Malolos, Bulacan)
▪ Marcelo H. del Pilar Historic Landmark (Bulacan, Bulacan)
▪ Pres. Ramon Magsaysay Historical Landmark (Castillejos, Zambales)
National Capital Region
▪ Army and Navy Club Historical Landmark (South Boulevard, Ermita, Manila)
▪ Bahay Nakpil-Bautista (Quiapo, Manila)
▪ Birthplace of Antonio Luna (San Nicolas, Manila)
▪ Birthplace of Felix Manalo Historical Landmark (Tipas, Taguig, City)
▪ Chapel of the Holy Sacrifice (UP Diliman, Quezon City)
▪ Cry of Pugadlawin Historical Landmark (Bahay Toro, Quezon City)
▪ Elks Club Building Historical Landmark (Roxas Boulevard, Ermita, Manila)
▪ Luneta Hotel Historical Landmark (Ermita, Manila)
▪ Malacañang Palace Historical Landmark (San Miguel, Manila)
▪ Manila Bay and Waterfront from Del Pan Bridge to CCP (Ermita, Manila)
▪ Manila Central Post Office Building and Liwasang Bonifacio (Ermita, Manila)
▪ Manila Hotel (Ermita, Manila)
▪ Mausoleo de los Veteranos de la Revolucion Historical Landmark (North Cemetery, Santa Cruz, Manila)
▪ Mehan Gardens Historical Landmark (Manila)
▪ Metropolitan Theater Historical Landmark (Liwasang Bonifacio, Ermita, Manila)
▪ P. Burgos Elementary School Historical Landmark (P. Burgos Street, Pasay City)
▪ Saint Joseph Parish Church Complex (Las Piñas)
▪ San Agustin Church (Intramuros, Manila)
▪ San Sebastian Church Historical Landmark (Quiapo, Manila)
▪ University of Santo Tomas (Sampaloc, Manila)
▪ University of the Philippines – Manila: Cancer Institute/Therapy Building, Dentistry Building, Hilario Lara Hall, Fernando Calderon Hall, Salcedo Hall, National Institute of Health Building, the Philippine General Hospital, Nurses Home and Rizal Hall (Ermita, Manila)
Zamora Historical Landmark (Pandacan, Manila)
▪ Zapote Battlefield and Zapote Bridge (Las Piñas)
Southern Tagalog: Calabarzon
▪ Bonifacio Trial House (Maragondon, Cavite)
▪ Calamba Church Historical Landmark (Calamba, Laguna)
▪ Casa de la Comunidad de Tayabas (Tayabas, Quezon)
▪ Casa Hacienda and its Environs, the Site of the Tejeros Convention (Rosario and Gen. Trias, Cavite)
▪ Church of Paete (Paete, Laguna)
▪ Cuartel de Sto. Domingo (Sta. Rosa, Laguna)
▪ Leon Apacible Historical Landmark (Taal, Batangas)
▪ Marcela Agoncillo Historical Landmark (Taal, Batangas)
▪ Miguel Malvar Historical Landmark (Sto. Tomas, Batangas)
▪ Nagcarlan Underground Cemetery Historical Landmark (Nagcarlan, Laguna)
▪ Pila Historical Landmark/Historic Town Center of Pila (Pila, Laguna)
▪ Punta de Malabrigo Lighthouse (Lobo, Batangas)
▪ Site of the Battle of Alapan Historical Landmark (Imus, Cavite)
▪ Site of the Battle of Imus (Imus, Cavite)
▪ Sta. Cruz Parish Convent (Tanza, Cavite)
▪ Taal Historical Landmark/Historic Town Center of Taal (Taal, Batangas)
▪ Taal Church Historical Landmark (Taal, Batangas)
▪ Tayabas Provincial Capitol Building (Tayabas, Quezon)
▪ Vicente Manansala Historical Landmark (Binangonan, Rizal)
Southern Tagalog: Mimaropa
▪ Battle Site Memorial of Pulang Lupa Historical Landmark (Torrijos, Marinduque)
▪ Cape Melville Lighthouse Historical Landmark (Cape Melville, Balabac, Palawan)
▪ Cathedral of Boac Historical Landmark (Boac, Marinduque)
▪ Kuta Church Ruins (Bongabong, Oriental Mindoro)
▪ Iwahig Penal Prison and Farm Historical Landmark (Puerto Princesa City, Palawan)
Bicol Region
▪ Holy Rosary Minor Seminary Historical Landmark (Naga City, Camarines Sur)
▪ Filipino-Japanese Friendship Historical Landmark (Mt. Isarog, Pili, Camarines Sur)
▪ Quipayo Church Historical Landmark (Calabanga, Camarines Sur)
▪ Wenceslao Vinzons Historical Landmark (Vinzons, Camarines Norte)
Western Visayas
▪ Barotac Nuevo Church, Convent and Cemetery Historical Landmark (Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo)
▪ Church of Santa Monica Historical Landmark (Pan-ay, Capiz)
▪ Dumangas Church Historical Landmark (Dumangas, Iloilo)
▪ Ermita Chapel Historical Landmark (Dumangas, Iloilo)
▪ Gen. Aniceto Lacson Historical Landmark (Talisay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ General Juan Araneta Historical Landmark (Bago City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Jaro Belfry Historical Landmark (Jaro, Iloilo City)
▪ Manuel Acuña Roxas House Historical Landmark (Roxas City, Capiz)
▪ Miagao Church Historical Landmark (Miag-ao, Iloilo)
▪ Molo Church Historical Landmark (Molo, Iloilo City)
▪ Negros Occidental Provincial Capitol (Bacolod City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Old Iloilo City Hall (Iloilo City)
▪ Plaza Libertad National Historical Landmark (Iloilo City)
▪ Rosendo Mejica Historical Landmark (Iloilo City)
▪ Santa Barbara Church and Convent Historical Landmark (Santa Barbara, Iloilo)
▪ Silay City Historical Landmark (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Central Visayas
▪ Baclayon Church Historical Landmark (Baclayon, Bohol)
▪ Bagacay Point Lighthouse Historical Landmark (Liloan, Cebu)
▪ Bank of the Philippine Islands Historical Landmark (Cebu City)
▪ Boljoon Church Historical Landmark (Boljoon, Cebu)
▪ Casa Gorordo Historical Landmark (Cebu City)
▪ Cebu Provincial Capitol (Cebu City)
▪ Church and Convent of Santo Niño (Cebu City)
▪ Church of Dauis and its Complex (Dauis, Bohol)
▪ Church of Loon (Loon, Bohol)
▪ Church of Nuestra Señora de la Concepcion Historical Landmark (Argao, Cebu)
▪ Church of San Guillermo de Aquitania Historical Landmark (Dalaguete, Cebu)
▪ Church of the Most Holy Trinity Historical Landmark (Loay, Bohol)
▪ Crash Site of Mt. Pinatubo (Mt. Manunggal, Cebu)
▪ Lazi Church and Convent Historical Landmark (Lazi, Siquijor)
▪ Matilde Bradford Memorial Church Historical Landmark (Cebu City)
▪ Punta Cruz Watchtower (Punta Cruz, Bohol)
▪ San Pedro Apostol Church Historical Landmark (Loboc, Bohol)
▪ Sergio Osmeña House Historical Landmark (Cebu City)
▪ Silliman University Historical Landmark (Dumaguete City)
Eastern Visayas
▪ Capul Lighthouse (Capul, Northern Samar)
▪ MacArthur Landing Site (Palo, Leyte)
▪ Maasin Church (Maasin City, Southern Leyte)
▪ Provincial Capitol Building of the Province of Leyte (Tacloban City)
Zamboanga Region
▪ Dapitan Plaza Historical Landmark (Dapitan City, Zamboanga del Norte)
Northern Mindanao
▪ Fuerte de la Concepcion y del Triunfo Historical Landmark (Ozamiz City, Misamis Occidental)
SOCCSKSARGEN Region
▪ Fort Pikit (Pikit, Cotabato)
▪ Site of the Church of the Immaculate Conception of Tamontaka Historical Landmark (Cotabato City)
Autonomous Region for Muslim Mindanao
▪ Torogan House (Pompongan-a-Marantao, Marawi City)
▪ Shiek Karimol Mahkdum Mosque (Tubig Indangan, Simunul, Tawi-tawi)

National Heritage Houses (Level I)
Ilocos Region
▪ Syquia Mansion (Vigan, Ilocos Sur)
Central Luzon
▪ Alberta Uitangcoy House (Malolos, Bulacan)
▪ Augusto P. Hizon Heritage House (San Fernando, Pampanga)
▪ Dayrit House (San Fernando, Pampanga)
▪ Henson-Hizon House (San Fernando, Pampanga)
▪ Hizon-Singian House (San Fernando, Pampanga)
▪ Lazatin House (San Fernando, Pampanga)
National Capital Region
▪ Lichauco Residence (Santa Ana, Manila)
▪ Mira-Nila House (Cubao, Quezon City)
Southern Tagalog: Calabarzon
▪ Gala-Rodriguez House (Sariaya, Quezon)
▪ Goco House (Taal, Batangas)
▪ Luz-Katigbak House (Lipa, Batangas)
▪ Natalio Enriquez House (Sariaya, Quezon)
▪ Rodriguez House (Sariaya, Quezon)
▪ Sarayba House (Gen. Trias, Cavite)
▪ Ylagan-de la Rosa House (Taal, Batangas)
Southern Tagalog: Mimaropa
▪ Casa Narvas (Boac, Marinduque)
Western Visayas
▪ Lopez Heritage House (La Paz, Iloilo City)
▪ Roca Encantada Heritage House (Buenavista, Guimaras)
▪ Infante Heritage House (La Carlota City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Victor Fernandez Gaston Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Carlos Arceo Ledesma Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Jose Benedicto Gamboa Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Angel Araneta Ledesma Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Benita Jara Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Amelia Hilado Flores Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Alejandro Amechazura Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Jose Corteza Locsin Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Augusto Hilado Severino Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Severino Building/Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Manuel Severino Hofileña Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Claudio Hilado Akol Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Manuel de la Rama Locsin Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Felix Tad-y Lacson Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Soledad and Maria Montelibano Lacson Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Kapitan Marciano Montelibano Lacson Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Vicente Conlu Montelibano Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Maria Ledesma Golez Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Jose Ledesma Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Teodoro Morada Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Generoso Reyes Gamboa Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Digna Locsin Consing Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ German Lacson Gaston Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Modesto Ramirez Hojilla (Carlos Javelosa Jalandoni) Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Dr. Jose Corteza Locsin Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Bernardino Lopez Jalandoni Ancestral House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ German Locsin Unson Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
▪ Delfin Ledesma Ledesma Heritage House (Silay City, Negros Occidental)
Central Visayas
▪ Balay na Tisa Heritage House (Carcar, Cebu)
▪ Clarin Heritage House (Loay, Bohol)
▪ Mercado Mansion Heritage House (Carcar, Cebu)
▪ President Carlos P. Garcia Heritage House (Tagbilaran, Bohol)
▪ Sa Dakong Balay / Don Florencio Noel House (Carcar, Cebu)
▪ Silva House Heritage House (Carcar, Cebu)
Eastern Visayas
▪ Oppus Ancestral House / Southern Leyte Provincial Library (Maasin, Southern Leyte)
Northern Mindanao
▪ Macapagal-Macaraeg Heritage House (Iligan City, Lanao del Norte)

National Historical Site (Level I)
▪ Biyak-na-Bato Historic Site (San Miguel, Bulacan)
▪ Fort San Felipe Historical Site (Cavite City, Cavite)
▪ Rizal Park (Bagumbayan) Historical Site (Rizal Park, Manila)
▪ Pamitinan Cave Historic Site (Sitio Wawa, San Rafael, Rodriguez, Rizal)
▪ Birthplace of Claro M. Recto Historical Site (Tiaong, Quezon)

National Monument (Level I)
(Pambansang Bantayog)
▪ Bonifacio National Monument (Caloocan City)
▪ Jose Rizal Monument (Daet, Camarines Norte)
▪ Jose Rizal National Monument (Rizal Park, Manila)
▪ Jose P. Laurel Monument (Santo Tomas, Batangas)
▪ Jorge Barlin National Monument (Baao, Camarines Sur)
▪ Juan Luna National Monument (Ermita, Manila)

Classified Historic Structures (Level I)
Colonial Churches and Other Houses of Worship

Marked Structures (Level II)
All structures with markers from the Philippines Historical Committee, National Historical Commission, National Historical Institute, etc. are considered marked sites


REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10066 - NATIONAL CULTURAL HERITAGE ACT OF 2009
Please see pertinent provisions of RA10066

CRITERIA FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF HISTORIC SITES AND STRUCTURES
The criteria used in evaluating potential entries in the National Registry of Historic Structures are as follows:

1. Properties strongly associated with important historical events or personages and other illustrious Filipinos or whose owner had achieved an enduring contribution toward the enrichment of Filipino historico-cultural heritage.

2. Properties of architectural, cultural, historical, scientific and social significance, including those that depict local aesthetic values or their builders, and those related to a significant historico-cultural experience of the Filipino people;

3. Properties that bear strong foreign architectural influences such as American, Spanish or Japanese and those with strong evidences of an active political, social, economic and cultural relations with neighboring countries;

4. Properties such as gates, walls, forts, towers, bastions, ramparts, parapets, bridges or palisades that stand out as monuments to the artistry, craftsmanship and industry of Filipino artisans and laborers who were responsible for their construction and serve as mute witnesses to the heroic spirit of the Filipinos of yesteryears;

5. Properties which were the site of the first establishments in the Philippines such as the site where the first printing press was built, first commercial house, first theater, first school, first transportation office, etc.;

6. Groups or clusters of buildings or structures, or a whole precinct, district, town center, including plazas, gardens, historic ruins, streets, bridges, fences, visual corridors, vista points and other open spaces and the immediate environs that are given importance because of their setting and not due to their individual elements or characteristics; and

7. All sites and structures must at least be 50 years old and display a high degree of authenticity to qualify for consideration.

CATEGORIZATION OF HISTORIC STRUCTURES
Under existing procedures, the framework adopted by the NHI in the evaluation of historical sites and structures for preservation consists of the following:

NATIONAL SHRINES: Historic sites or objects hallowed or honored for their history or association, e.g. the Rizal and Shrines and the Mabini Shrines;

NATIONAL MONUMENTS: Objects, natural features or areas of specific historic interest that are set aside by local or national government as public properties, e.g. the Rizal and Bonifacio Monuments, and the Walls of Intramuros;

NATIONAL LANDMARKS: Places or objects that are associated with an event, achievement, characteristics or modification that presents a turning point or stage in history;

HERITAGE HOUSE: Houses of ancestry with notable historical and cultural significance, e.g. Syquia Mansion, Vigan City, Ilocos Sur; Houses in Silay City, Negros Occidental;

HISTORIC SITES: Natural areas or places with historical significance, and places recognized, marked, or declared such as Biak-na-bato, San Miguel, Bulacan; Pamitinan Cave, Montalban, Rizal;

CLASSIFIED: Classified - structures and sites not falling under the above five categories are listed as Classified and recorded in the NHI's National Registry of Historic Structures. E.g. All Philippine colonial churches which are more than 50 years old, with or without the official historical marker of the National Historical Institute, by virtue of NHI Board Resolution No. 3, s. 1991.

In the identification procedure, all structures must at least be fifty (50) years old to qualify for consideration.

Below are the designations in the National Museum framework:
"It is hereby declared to be the policy of the state to preserve and protect the important cultural properties and National Cultural Treasures of the nation and to safeguard their intrinsic value."
~
EXCERPT FROM PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. 374 AMENDING CERTAIN SECTIONS OF REPUBLIC ACT No. 4846, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS "THE CULTURAL PROPERTIES PRESERVATION AND PROTECTION ACT"

CULTURAL PROPERTIES: Old buildings, monuments,shrines, documents, and objects which may be classified as antiques, relics, or artifacts, landmarks,anthropological and historical sites, and specimens of natural history which are of cultural, historical, anthropological or scientific value and significance to the nation ; such as physical, anthropological, archaeological and ethnographical materials, meteorites and tektites; historical objects and manuscripts ; household and agricultural implements ; decorative articles or personal adornment; works of art such as paintings,sculptures, carvings, jewelry, music, architecture,sketches, drawings, or illustrations in part or in whole ;works of industrial and commercial art such as furniture, pottery, ceramics, wrought iron, gold, bronze,silver, wood or other heraldic items, metals, coins,medals, badges, insignias, coat of arms, crests, flags,arms, and armor; vehicles or ships or boats in part or in whole.

IMPORTANT CULTURAL PROPERTIES: Cultural properties which have been singled out from among the innumerable cultural properties as having exceptional historical and cultural significance to the Philippines, but are not sufficiently outstanding to merit the classification of "National Cultural Treasures"

NATIONAL CULTURAL TREASURE: A unique object found locally, possessing outstanding historical, cultural, artistic and/or scientific value which is significant and important to this country and nation.

NATURAL
National Parks and other Protected Areas

Index

Philippines
Aguilar, Pangasinan 103
Agusan del Norte 98
Alaminos, Pangasinan 36
Albay 78 206
Alburquerque, Bohol 41
Alcala, Cagayan 88
Alegria, Cebu 153
Alfonso Castaneda, Nueva Vizcaya 197
Angat, Bulacan 76 192
Angeles, Pampanga 9 10 62 147 168 169
Angono, Rizal 133
Apalit, Pampanga 34
Argao, Cebu 39
Aurora 196 197
Bacacay. Albay 78
Baclayon, Bohol 41
Bacolod, Negros Occidental 44 45
Bacolor, Pampanga 62 148
Bacong, Negros Oriental 43
Badoc, Ilocos Norte 184
Baler, Aurora 196 197
Balingoan, Misamis Oriental 106
Baliuag, Bulacan 76
Bagac, Bataan 145
Baguio City 7 64 65 152 173 174 184 185 186
Banaue, Ifugao 81 100 151
Bangui, Ilocos Norte 183
Basilan 92
Bataan 47 145 194
Batac, Ilocos Norte 12 13 183 184
Batangas 18 35 85 114 177 192 217
Batangas City, Batangas 114
Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya 100
Benguet 174 186
Binmaley, Pangasinan 36
Boac, Marinduque 225 226
Bohol 40 41
Bolinao, Pangasinan 36 37
Boljoon, Cebu 39
Bontoc, Mountain Province 81
Botolan, Zambales 38
Buenavista, Marinduque 225
Bukidnon 106
Bulacan 76 132 192 202 204
Burgos, Ilocos Norte 13 183
Bustos, Bulacan 132
Butuan, Agusan del Norte 98
Cabanatuan, Nueva Ecija 110
Cagayan 87 88
Cagayan de Oro, Misamis Oriental 98 106
Calape, Bohol 40
Calasiao, Pangasinan 36
Camalaniugan, Cagayan 88
Camalig, Albay 78
Camarines Norte 206
Camarines Sur 79
Camiguin 107 108
Camiling, Tarlac 103
Candaba, Pampanga 34
Candon, Ilocos Sur 183
Carcar, Cebu 39 84
Carmen, Bohol 41
Catarman, Camiguin 107 108
Cauayan, Isabela 87 88
Cavinti, Laguna 178
Cavite 177 192 201 222
Cebu 39 40 84 153
Cebu City 39 40
Clark Field, Pampanga 168 169
Corregidor Island 47 153
Daet, Camarines Norte 206
Dagupan, Pangasinan 31
Daraga, Albay 78 206
Davao City 104 105
Davao del Sur 104 105
Donsol, Sorsogon 205
Dumaguete, Negros Oriental 43
Dupax del Sur, Nueva Vizcaya 100
Echague, Isabela 110
Gasan, Marinduque 225
Gattaran, Cagayan 88
Gerona, Tarlac 186
Goa, Camarines Sur 79
Guagua, Pampanga 10 62 77 148
Guinobatan, Albay 78
Guinsiliban, Camiguin 107 108
Iba, Zambales 38
Ifugao 81 100 151
Iguig, Cagayan 88
Ilagan, Isabela 88
Ilocos Norte 12 13 183 184
Ilocos Sur 12 183 184
Iloilo 44 70 150 203
Iloilo City 44 70 150 203
Impasug-Ong, Bukidnon 106
Indang, Cavite 201
Isabela 87 88 110
Isabela City, Basilan 92
Jasaan, Misamis Oriental 106
Jones, Isabela 110
Kawit, Cavite 201
Kiangan, Ifugao 100
La Trinidad, Benguet 174 186
La Union 12 183 184
Lagawe, Ifugao 81
Lagonoy, Camarines Sur 79
Laguna 8 35 68 69 178 179 192
Lal-lo, Cagayan 88
Lamitan, Basilan 92
Laoag, Ilocos Norte 13 183 184
Larena, Siquijor 42
Lazi, Siquijor 42 221
Legazpi, Albay 78
Libon, Albay 78
Ligao, Albay 78
Lingayen, Pangasinan 19 36 103
Lipa City, Batangas 35 85
Loay, Bohol 41
Loboc, Bohol 41
Loon, Bohol 40
Lubao, Pampanga 77
Lucban, Quezon 8 69
Lumban, Laguna 68 178
Luna, La Union 184
Mabalacat, Pampanga 10 62
Mabitac, Laguna 179
Magalang, Pampanga 10 62
Magsingal, Ilocos Sur 183
Mahinog, Camiguin 107 108
Majayjay, Laguna 8 69
Makati City 101
Malaybalay, Bukidnon 106
Malilipot, Albay 78
Malinao, Albay 78
Mambajao, Camiguin 107 108
Manaoag, Pangasinan 31
Manila 14 15 16 28 29 33 66 71 72 74 75 77 89 90 129 143 146 149 152 153 170 171 172 176 180 187 189 190 192 199 200 217 223 224
Mangatarem, Pangasinan 103
Maragondon, Cavite 201 222
Maria, Siquijor 42
Maria Aurora, Aurora 197
Maribojoc, Bohol 40
Marinduque 225 226
Mariveles, Bataan 47
Masantol, Pampanga 34
Masinloc, Zambales 38
Metro Manila 14 15 16 28 29 33 66 71 72 74 75 77 89 90 101 129 143 146 149 152 153 160 165 170 171 172 176 180 181 182 187 189 190 192 198 199 200 217 223 224
Miag-ao, Iloilo 44
Misamis Oriental 98 106
Mogpog, Marinduque 225 226
Morong, Rizal 179
Mountain Province 81
Naga, Camarines Sur 79
Naga, Cebu 39
Nagcarlan, Laguna 8 69
Naguilan, La Union 184
Negros Oriental 43
Negros Occidental 44 45
Norzagaray, Bulacan 76
Nueva Ecija 110 197
Nueva Vizcaya 100 197
Oas, Albay 78
Obando, Bulacan 204
Olongapo City 38
Oslob, Cebu 39
Paete, Laguna 68 179
Pagsanjan, Laguna 178
Pagudpud, Ilocos Norte 13 183 184
Pakil, Laguna 68 179
Palawan 152 154 218 219 220
Pampanga 9 10 34 62 63 77 82 83 94 102 113 130 131 145 147 148 152 168 169 192 193 203
Pangasinan 7 19 31 36 37 38 103 186 227
Panglao, Bohol 41
Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija 197
Paoay, Ilocos Norte 13 183
Pasay City 198
Peñablanca, Cagayan 87
Pila, Laguna 68
Pilar, Bataan 194
Polangui, Albay 78
Porac, Pampanga 130 145
Puerto Princesa, Palawan 218 219 220
Pulilan, Bulacan 76 202
Quezon City 165 182
Quezon Province 8 35 69 192
Ramon, Isabela 87
Rizal 133 179 192
Rosales, Pangasinan 186 227
Sabangan, Ilocos Sur 12
Sagada, Mountain Province 65
Sagay, Camiguin 108
Sagñay, Camarines Sur 79
Santiago, Isabela 110
San Agustin, Isabela 110
San Carlos, Pangasinan 36
San Fabian, Pangasinan 7
San Fernando, La Union 12 183
San Fernando, Pampanga 10 27 30 62 63 77 83 94 102 113 131 148 152 193
San Ildefonso, Bulacan 76
San Jose, Camarines Sur 79
San Jose del Monte, Bulacan 76
San Juan, Batangas 35
San Miguel, Bulacan 76
San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte 184
San Luis, Aurora 197
San Luis, Pampanga 34
San Pablo, Isabela 88
San Pablo, Laguna 35
San Rafael, Bulacan 76
San Vicente, Ilocos Sur 184
Sariaya, Quezon 8 69
Silang, Cavite 201
Silay, Negros Occidental 45
Sinait, Ilocos Sur 184
Siquijor 42 221
Siquijor, Siquijor 42
Solano, Nueva Vizcaya 100
Sorsogon 205
Sta. Cruz, Davao del Sur 105
Sta. Cruz, Marinduque 225
Sta. Cruz, Zambales 38
Sta. Fe, Nueva Vizcaya 100
Sta. Maria, Ilocos Sur 12
Sto. Domingo, Albay 78
Surigao, Surigao del Norte 98
Surigao del Norte 98
Taal, Batangas 18 177
Tabaco, Albay 78
Tagaytay City, Cavite 177 201
Tagbilaran, Bohol 40 41
Taguig City 101 152 181 182
Talisay, Batangas 177 217
Tanay, Rizal 179
Tarlac 103 186
Tayabas, Quezon 8 69
Ternate, Cavite 222
Tigaon, Camarines Sur 79
Tiwi, Albay 78
Torrijos, Marinduque 225
Tuba, Benguet 186
Tubigon, Bohol 40
Tuguegarao, Cagayan 87 88
Tumauini, Isabela 88
Vigan, Ilocos Sur 12 183 184
Vinzons, Camarines Norte 206
Zambales 38
Zamboanga City 91 92 93

International
Ayutthaya, Thailand 57
Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei 2 3 4
Bandung, Indonesia 215
Bangkok, Thailand 53 54 56 57 58 59
Beijing, China 122 123 124 125 126 228 229
Central Java, Indonesia 212 213 214
Dongguan, China 115 116
Fuzhou, China 119 120 121 122
Genting Highlands, Malaysia 158
Guam, USA 134 135 136 137
Guangzhou, China 115 128
Hue, Vietnam 96
Hoi An, Vietnam 97
Hong Kong 22 208
Jakarta, Indonesia 211 216
Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia 1 4
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 49 61 156 157 158 210
Luang Prabang, Laos 55
Lukang, Taiwan 164
Macau 20 21 22 23 208 209
Malacca, Malaysia 158
Nanning, China 117 118
Nantou, Taiwan 162
Penang, Malaysia 157
Phnom Penh, Cambodia 50 51
Putrajaya, Malaysia 61
Saipan, Northern Marianas 137 138 139 140 141 142
Shanghai, China 127
Shenzhen, China 208
Siem Reap, Cambodia 51 52 53
Singapore 48 156
Solo, Indonesia 214
Taichung, Taiwan 161 162 163 164
Taipei, Taiwan 161 163
Vientiane, Laos 54 56
Yogyakarta, Indonesia 212 213 214 216
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